COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
Psychologist Albert Ellis developed cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). His philosophy was that people’s beliefs contributed to their emotional pain. CBT is one o the most used therapy methods for treating people with mental health problems. CBT is aimed to teach clients how to restructure their thoughts, beliefs and behaviors. I utilize CBT in most of my sessions. I have come to the conclusion that self-defeating beliefs and irrational thoughts are the core of most emotional problems. When I have assessed many of my clients, I learned that most of them have been disturbed by a situation or a person generally based on their self-defeating beliefs.
The CBT therapeutic process allows people to change irrational thoughts to rational thoughts, self-defeating beliefs to rational beliefs, negative emotions to positive emotions and improve their behavior. I have found that CBT has helped people with depression, behavioral problems, posttraumatic stress disorder and anxiety. It helps to get rid of self-defeating thoughts in order to solve problems that affect their lives.
Grief and bereavement counseling helps clients that are feeling stuck in their grieving process. It is difficult for the client to put an end to it and get back to a normal way of living. Unresolved grief can cause many physical and mental abnormalities, I including, pathological mourning. Grief and bereavement counseling is an intervention to help people deal with emotions, cognitions and behaviors, to adapt to the loss, and to learn live as they had before the loss. The loss can be the death of a loved one, friend, pet or divorce.
CHILD AND ADOLESCENT COUNSELING
There is an increase in the amount of children and adolescents in the United States who suffer from mental illness. Most of these mental health problems are not attributable to a single factor. Many of these problems arise due to several factors including from developmental variables, family dysfunction, substance abuse, neglect often result in abuse, classical, school phobia, peer pressure or bullying. These problems give emphasis to multiple influences on mental health and disruptive behaviors in children and adolescents.
Child and adolescent counseling helps, thoughts and how they influence emotions and behaviors. Counseling also helps children and adolescents discover how environmental and learning factors contribute to their development. I consider developmental variables in planning treatment with children and adolescents because it helps explain expected behaviors for different age groups to help them understand what is considered normal behavior and normal crisis. It provides the child or adolescent with self-awareness and can help them to overcome sadness, anxiety, depression, and loss of self-worth, and disruptive feelings. Once they learn to deal with problems they can begin to live a life of inner-peace.
MARRIAGE AND COUPLES COUNSELING
Marriage and couples counseling helps them to resolve conflicts, such as those related to communication, finance, infidelity, child rearing or substance abuse. Counseling helps them gain a better understanding of the conflicts and mend the relationship.
Psychotherapy helps a person who has psychological or emotional problems. It provides a client to talk about challenging situations and learn new coping skills. Psychotherapy focuses on acute situations aimed at helping to heal and adapt to challenges in one’s life. I have found that psychotherapy has helped clients with academic, employment, mental health and relationship issues. It has helped them to learn how problems arise and to focus on those problems. Most clients reported positive changes in their lives that has helped them to navigate life better after receiving psychotherapy. Psychotherapy may consist of cognitive behavioral therapy, person-centered therapy, individual or family therapy. I use a collection of therapeutic strategies to help clients in change their maladaptive cognitions and emotions.